Australia to Build Largest Wind Farm in Southern Hemisphere

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Australian officials plan to build a 140-turbine wind farm in Victoria, the nation’s most densely populated state, by 2013, a billion-dollar project that would be the largest in the Southern hemisphere. The wind farm will provide enough electricity for 220,000 homes and is key to the nation’s new target of meeting 20 percent of its energy needs with renewable sources by 2020.

The wind farm, to be built by Australian energy retailer A.G.L. Energy and New Zealand’s state-owned Meridian Energy, would be a significant step for a nation that has yet to tap into its abundant renewable energy resources, including wind, solar, and wave energy.

Only about 6 percent of Australia’s energy comes from renewable sources. In June, however, lawmakers passed more ambitious green energy targets, earmarking about 20 billion Australian dollars ($18 billion) for clean energy technologies and a significant expansion of the nation’s electricity grid to connect solar or wind farms in the desert interior with population centers on the coasts. Officials say the proposed wind farm would reduce carbon emissions by about 1.7 million tons annually — the equivalent of taking 420,000 cars off the road.

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Yale Environment 360 is an online magazine offering opinion, analysis, reporting and debate on global environmental issues. We feature original articles by scientists, journalists, environmentalists, academics, policy makers, and business people, as well as multimedia content and a daily digest of major environmental news. Yale Environment 360 is published by the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies and Yale University. We are funded in part by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The opinions and views expressed in Yale Environment 360 are those of the authors and not of the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies or of Yale University.

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