Speed Limits on Cargo Ships Could Reduce their Pollutants by More than Half

Putting a speed limit on cargo ships as they sail near ports and coastlines could cut their emission of air pollutants by up to 70 percent, reducing the impact of marine shipping on Earth’s climate and human health, scientists have found. Their evaluation of the impact of vessel speed reduction policies, such as those proposed by the California Air Resources Board, appears in ACS’ journal Environmental Science & Technology.

David R. Cocker III and colleagues explain that marine shipping is the most efficient form of transporting goods, with more than 100,000 ships carrying 90 percent of the world’s cargo. However, engines on these vessels burn low-grade oil that produce large amounts of air pollution. Because fuel consumption and smokestack emissions increase exponentially with speed, the authors explored how speed limits could reduce pollution.

They found that slowing container ships to about 14 miles per hour (mph) reduced emissions of carbon dioxide by about 60 percent and nitrogen oxides by 55 percent compared to emissions at traditional cruising speeds of 25-29 mph. Soot emissions fell by almost 70 percent. The authors suggest that imposing these speed limits on vessels near ports and coastlines could significantly reduce their pollution and protect the health of people living in those areas.

Article appearing courtesy Celsias.

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2 comments on “Speed Limits on Cargo Ships Could Reduce their Pollutants by More than Half

In order for the product to be shipped price of the product shipped must be high enough to justify either deadheading containers in or draying the product to a transload facility.

I’m not convinced by the global warming arguments, not entirely anyway, but I still think companies should implement initiatives to save energy where possible. If slowing to 14mph near the docks could reduce fuel usage and emissions then over the course of a year the freight companies could save a small fortune. So the incentive seems to be there already.

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